St John

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Apostle. According to tradition, the author of the Fourth Gospel, of Revelation, and of three of the Catholic Epistles. Together with his brother St James and St Peter, he belonged to the inner group of disciples who were present at the raising of Jairus's daughter, the Transfiguration, and the Agony in Gethsemane. In Acts he is several times mentioned with Peter, and he was present at the Apostles' council in Jerusalem (Gal. 2: 9).

In the Fourth Gospel John is never mentioned by name, but tradition identifies him with the disciple ‘whom Jesus loved’, who reclined on His bosom at the Last Supper, to whom He entrusted His mother at the foot of the Cross, who ran with Peter to the tomb on the morning of the Resurrection, and who recognized the Lord at the Sea of Tiberias. The identification of the ‘beloved disciple’ with John has been contested in modern times.

According to tradition, John settled at Ephesus, was exiled to Patmos, where he wrote Rev., and returned to Ephesus and there wrote the Gospel and Epistles. Feast day in the E., 26 Sept. (also 8 May); in the W., 27 Dec. See also following entries.

Subjects: Christianity.

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