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In America, where it originated (it is first recorded in 1739), the term johnnycake denotes a type of corn bread typically eaten for breakfast with butter or maple syrup. In Australia it stands for a thin wholemeal cake, typically cooked over the ashes of a campfire or fried in a pan, and in the West Indies for a sort of scone or dumpling. It is probably based on the name Johnny, but it has also been suggested that johnny may be an alteration of journey (from the notion of a foodstuff easily prepared by travellers) or even of Shawnee (suggesting an American Indian origin, although others claim that the bread was originally made by blacks in the Southern States).

Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink.

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