The term ‘the Presbyter’ (‘elder’) is applied to himself by the author of 2 and 3 Jn., and Papias refers to a ‘John the Presbyter’. Some scholars think that Papias's evidence suggests the existence at Ephesus of a second John besides St John the Apostle. Of those who hold this view some attribute to the Presbyter the Fourth Gospel and the Johannine Epistles; others 2 and 3 Jn. and possibly Rev. The ‘beloved disciple’ is variously identified with the Apostle and the Presbyter. ‘The Presbyter’ may have been a local designation at Ephesus for the Apostle.