ascetic and spiritual writer, so called after his famous ‘Ladder’ (Κλι̑μαξ). He arrived at Mt Sinai as a novice when he was sixteen and became Abbot. His ‘Ladder of Paradise’ or ‘Ladder of Divine Ascent’ deals with monastic virtues and vices and the nature of complete dispassionateness (apatheia), which is upheld as the ideal of Christian perfection. Feast day, 30 Mar. (in the E. also the 4th Sunday in Lent).