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John Johnson

(1662—1725) theologian


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(1662–1725), English theologian. Educated at Magdalene and Corpus Christi Colleges, Cambridge, he became Vicar of Boughton-under-Blean in 1687, of St John's, Margate, in 1697, and of Cranbrook, Kent, in 1710. He wrote several works, the theology of which has considerable affinities with that of the Nonjurors, among whom he had close personal friends. His best-known treatise is his Unbloody Sacrifice and Altar, Unvailed and Supported, in which the Nature of the Eucharist is explained according to the Sentiments of the Christian Church in the Four First Centuries (1714–18), in which he affirmed that the sacrifice is ‘proper’, ‘expiatory’, and ‘propitiatory’, and described the elements after the Consecration as the ‘Sacramental’ or ‘Eucharistical body and blood’ of the Lord. He held, however, that Christ was present in the elements in power and effect rather than in actuality. He also wrote The Clergy-Man's Vade Mecum: or, an Account of the Antient and Present Church of England (1706) and The Propitiatory Oblation in the Holy Eucharist (1710).

From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Christianity.


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