(1715–74), colonial superintendent of Indian affairs north of the Ohio, aided the English during King George's War (1744–48) by securing Iroquois loyalty. He helped to formulate the Indian policy of the Albany Congress, and, until the arrival of Gage, was in charge of the defense of the northern frontier, where he repulsed the French. He is the subject of a biography by W.I. Stone and his son, and figures in fiction in Paulding's The Dutchman's Fireside, Hoffman's Greyslaer, Robert Chambers's Cardigan, Kenneth Roberts's Northwest Passage, and Margaret Widdemer's Red Cloak Flying.
From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.