duke of Albany John Stewart

(b. c. 1484)

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B. c.1484, s. of Alexander, duke of Albany, and Anne de la Tour; m. Anne de la Tour, comtesse d'Auvergne and de Lauragais; illeg. issue: Eleonora; d. Mirefleur, 2 July 1536; bur. chapel of Vic le Comte.

Half-French, born and brought up in France, Albany was nevertheless heir presumptive to the Scottish throne, being a grandson of James II. After Flodden (1513), he was invited to assume the regency during the minority of his young cousin, and arrived in splendour at Dumbarton in May 1515 with a fleet of eight ships. Parliament restored title and lands, and declared him the only legitimate issue of his father. Albany's governorship was competent though intermittent because of repeated visits to France, striving to restore the Franco-Scottish alliance, and he negotiated the treaty of Rouen (1517) whereby James V would marry a French princess. Henry VIII claimed that Albany was endangering the young king's life and ‘working the perdition of his sister’, and prepared for war, but a truce was agreed near Carlisle and Albany's army disbanded. He returned again from France (1523) to renew hostilities, but an attack on Wark, in Northumberland, misfired, and his prestige collapsed. He left Scotland for good in 1524, to serve Francis I of France, and died at his castle of Mirefleur in Auvergne.

Subjects: British History.

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