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John XIV

(983—984)


'John XIV' can also refer to...

John XIV Calecas (1282—1347)

John XIV Kalekas (b. 1334)

John XIV Calecas (1282–1347)

John XIV Kalekas (Feb. 1334)

XIV. An Epistle to Master John Selden

John XIV (Dec. 983–20 Aug. 984)

John XIV (Dec. 983–20 Aug. 984)

John C. Rule and Ben S. Trotter. A World of Paper: Louis XIV, Colbert de Torcy, and the Rise of the Information State.

Buying into the World of Goods: Early Consumers in Backcountry Virginia. By Ann Smart Martin (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008. xiv plus 260 pp.)

Dressing Renaissance Florence: Families, Fortunes, and Fine Clothing. By Carole Collier Frick (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. xiv plus 347 pp. $47.00)

275.1. Sa. 15 Aug. '72. John Taylor. Not traced.—Reliquary xiv, 1873–4, 97.

The Social Gospel Today. Edited by Christopher H. Evans. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox Press, 2001. xiv + 213 pp. n.p.

The Culture of the Babylonian Talmud. By Jeffrey Rubenstein. Pp. xiv + 232. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003. isbn 0 8018 7388 6. £31

The Madisonian Constitution. By George Thomas. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008. xiv, 248 pp. $50.00, ISBN 978-0-8018-8852-6.)

The Lure and Legacy of Music at Versailles: Louis XIV and the Aix School. By John Hajdu Heyer

Christian Warren. Brush with Death: A Social History of Lead Poisoning. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2000. Pp. xiv, 362. $45.00

John D. Skrentny. The Minority Rights Revolution. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. 2002. Pp. xiv, 473. $35.00

John J. Hurt. Louis XIV and the Parlements: the Assertion of Royal Authority. New York: Manchester University Press. 2002. Pp. xvii, 217. $74.95

W. John Green. Gaitanismo, Left Liberalism, and Popular Mobilization in Colombia. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. 2003. Pp. xiv, 365. $59.95

 

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(Dec. 983–20 Aug. 984)

On the death of Benedict VII (10 July 983) Emperor Otto II (973–83) seems to have first offered the papal throne to Maiolus, saintly fourth abbot of Cluny (965–94), who declined it. He thereupon nominated his former arch-chancellor for Italy, Peter Canepanova, from 966 bishop of Pavia, his birthplace. The time-taking negotiations he had to conduct explain the length of the vacancy. Otto appears to have imposed Peter without consulting the Roman clergy and people; there is no evidence of a regular election. As a result the new pope, who took the name John so as to avoid that of the Prince of the Apostles, had no allies in any section of Roman society and depended wholly on his patron's protection.

No doubt Otto looked for loyal cooperation from his trusted former minister, and in fact John's only surviving bull is one bestowing the pallium, in furtherance of the emperor's south Italian policies, on Archbishop Alo of Benevento. Unfortunately he had scarcely been installed in the Lateran when Otto, who had returned to Rome from the south stricken with malaria, died in his arms after receiving absolution (7 Dec. 983). Empress Theophano was obliged to return at once to Germany to defend the interests of her 3-year-old son Otto III (980–1002). Without friends, regarded by the Romans as forced upon them, John was then defenceless and fell an easy prey to Boniface VII, raised up as antipope by the powerful Crescentii family in 974, excommunicated by Benedict VII, but now biding his time in Constantinople. In Apr. 984 he returned, and John was seized, brutally assaulted, formally deposed, and flung into gaol in Castel Sant'Angelo; no details of the charges or trial survive. Four months later he died in the fortress of starvation; according to some reports, he was poisoned. His epitaph in St Peter's, which records 20 Aug. as the date of his death, was engraved during Boniface's lifetime and, significantly, did not describe the circumstances of his end.

Further Reading

LP ii. 259JW i. 484 f.ZPR 250–55PL 137: 357Mann iv. 330–38DBI lv. 582–5 (W. Huschner)DTC viii. 628 (É Amann)NCE vii. 926–7 (S. McKenna)Z1: 102Z2: 223 f.Levillain ii. 842 (H.-H. Körtum)Seppelt ii. 380 f.

Subjects: Christianity.


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