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Seeds of the shrub Simmondsia chinensis (S. californica) have long been used as food by native Americans, and roasted and ground to prepare beverages. The oil is a liquid wax of long-chain fatty acids (eicosenoic and decosenoic (erucic) acids) esterified with long-chain alcohols (eicosanol and docosanol). Of interest in cosmetics as a replacement for sperm whale oil but also has food applications, e.g. as a coating agent for dried fruit.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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