(b Aversa, Naples, 1714; d Naples, 1774).
It. composer. Comp. first opera 1737. Worked in Rome and Bologne 1740–1 and in Venice 1741–7. Visited Vienna 1749, forming friendship with Metastasio, most of whose texts he subsequently used, several of them more than once. Kapellmeister to Duke of Württemberg, Stuttgart, 1753–69, composing 17 operas. Returned to Naples 1769, but his work no longer found favour. Comp. over 80 operas and much church mus. Anticipated Gluck in use of dramatic recit. and in abandonment of da capo arias unless they had dramatic point. Among his many operas were: L'errore amoroso (1737); Merope (1741); Achille in Sciro (1749); Ifigenia in Aulide (1751); La clemenza di Tito (2 versions, 1753 and 1765); Fetonte (1753, 2nd vers. 1768); Armida abbandonata (1770); Ifigenia in Tauride (1771).