Samuel Jones

(1680—1719) nonconformist tutor

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Samuel Jones was probably born in Pennsylvania around 1680, the son of Malachi, a Welsh divine who had emigrated there. He was educated at various dissenting academies in Wales and then at the University of Leiden, which he entered in 1706. He appears to have been an Independent but never joined the active dissenting ministry, instead, in 1708, opening a dissenting academy at Gloucester. His pupils included Thomas Secker, later Archbishop of Canterbury, and, at about the time of the removal of the academy to Tewkesbury in 1712, Joseph Butler, Samuel Chandler and Andrew Gifford, the Bristol Baptist minister: the names of forty-two pupils are known. It was from this academy that Butler had his correspondence with Samuel Clarke published in 1716. Secker, in a letter to Isaac Watts written in 1711, recalls part of the course. There were sixteen students, who rose at five, and were obliged ‘to speak Latin always, except when below stairs among the family’. Every day they turned two verses of the Hebrew Bible into Greek. Twice a week they read Isocrates and Terence. Jones was no great admirer of the old logic but used Heerebord's 'Ερμηνεια Logica, a synopsis of Burgesdijck, though also lecturing on Locke's Essay. The academy seems also to have had a great reputation for Semitic scholarship. Science was not a great strength.


From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Philosophy.

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