Matthew Josephson


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New York author, known for a time as a member of the postwar expatriate group and an editor of Secession (1922–24), achieved prominence upon publishing the study Zola and His Time (1928). His Portrait of the Artist as American (1930) presents such Americans as Henry James, Whistler, and Bierce to support the thesis of Van Wyck Brooks that industrial America frustrates artistic creation. Later works include Rousseau (1931); The Robber Barons (1934), a study of the rise to power of 19th-century American industrialists; The Politicos (1938), a companion volume dealing with the political background of this era; The President Makers (1940), concerned with political maneuvers from the time of McKinley to that of Wilson; Empire of the Air (1944), an account of the growth of an airline; Stendhal (1946), Sidney Hillman (1952), and Edison (1959), biographies; Union House, Union Bar (1957), a history of the hotel, restaurant, and bartenders' union; and Among the Surrealists (1962) and Infidel in the Temple (1967), memoirs. With his wife he wrote a life of Al Smith (1969).

Subjects: Literature.

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