Benjamin Jowett

(1817—1893) master of Balliol College

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one of the legendary figures of late Victorian Oxford, was professor of Greek from 1855 and master of Balliol College from 1870. A Broad Churchman in the tradition of T. Arnold, he outraged the Tractarians with the common sense of his Epistles of Paul (1855), came near to being charged with heresy before the vice‐chancellor because of his contribution to Essays and Reviews (1860), and was successful in promoting the Act that abolished religious tests for university degrees (1871). His translations of Plato (1871), Thucydides (1881), and Aristotle's Poetics (1885), criticized by scholars, charmed the public.

Subjects: Philosophy.

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