1 A decision made by a court in respect of the matter before it. Judgments may be interim ( interlocutory), deciding a particular issue prior to the trial of the case; or final, finally disposing of the case. They may be in personam, imposing a personal liability on a party (e.g. to pay damages); or in rem, determining some issue of right, status, or property binding people generally.
2 The process of reasoning by which the court's decision was arrived at. In English law it is the normal practice for judgment to be given in open court or, in some appellate tribunals, to be handed down in printed form. If the judgment contains rulings on important questions of law, it may be reported in the law reports. See also enforcement of judgment; foreign judgments.
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