(b. 16 Dec. 1888, d. 27 Jan. 1967).
French general Born in Algeria, as Commander of the 1st French Army he was captured by the Germans in 1940, but released upon his decision to collaborate with the enemy in 1941. He became military commander in Morocco, but following the Allied invasion of neighbouring Tunisia he changed sides and fought for de Gaulle. The resident-general of Morocco from 1947 to 1951, he served as supreme commander of the French army 1951–4, and of the NATO forces in central Western Europe 1953–6. In the last years of his life he was fiercely critical of de Gaulle's policy towards Algeria.
Subjects: Second World War.