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In Japanese, ‘the soft art’, though this was a far from soft form of unarmed combat in which the original aim was to disable, cripple, or even kill the opponent. It developed as a variant of the barehanded fighting traditionally practised by Japanese samurai (warriors), and in the 17th and 18th centuries ju-jitsu schools developed widely in the country, with distinctive and varied styles. It was from these that the modern form of judo was evolved. An International Ju-Jitsu Federation (based in Belgium) continues to oversee the worldwide profile of the sport.

Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

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