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Bede (c. 673—735) monk, historian, and theologian


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(early 4th century),

virgin and martyr. She probably suffered at Cumae or Naples; Gregory the Great requested relics of her from Fortunatus, bishop of Naples, for an oratory which a lady had built on her estate in Juliana's honour. The principal episode of her unreliable Legend is a long verbal contest between her and the Devil, who tried to persuade her to obey the wishes of her father and her suitor to get married. Thus she is represent in art with a winged devil or dragon at her feet (as in stained glass at Martham and on screens at Hampstead and North Elmham, Norfolk). Her cult in England goes back to the Martyrology of Bede and her feast, on 16 February, was in the Sarum Calendar.

AA.SS. Feb. 11 (1658), 868–84; B.L.S., ii. 166; C. Woodforde, The Norwich School of Glass-Painting in the Fifteenth Century (1950), pp. 178–9.

Subjects: Christianity.

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