Julius Agrippa II, Marcus

(b. 27 ad)

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(b. ad 27/8),

did not succeed his father Julius Agrippa I in 44, but lived in Rome. There he supported the Jews before the emperor Claudius against the Samaritans and the procurator Cumanus. In 50 Agrippa was appointed king of Chalcis in the southern Beqa' valley, succeeding to the position of his uncle Herod the Great. As controller of the Temple, he also received the right to appoint and depose high priests. In 53 his territory was exchanged for the area in the Lebanon and anti-Lebanon region once ruled by Philip (Herod's son) and then by his own father. Nero added parts of Galilee and of Peraea. Agrippa's coins carry the imperial portrait. He lavished attention on the Temple and had his Jerusalem palace close by. But in 66 he and his sister Berenice were expelled from the city by the Jewish leadership, having failed to persuade the Jews to tolerate Gessius Florus' conduct as procurator. Unable to prevent revolt, Agrippa supplied cavalry and archers to the Romans throughout the war, and accompanied Titus during its latter stages. He was rewarded by an enlargement of his territory. In 75, when Berenice went to live with Titus in Rome, Agrippa received praetorian status there. He supplied Josephus with information for the Jewish War and commended the work on publication. Indications in Josephus that Agrippa was dead before the publication of the Antiquities and the Life (93/4) are compatible with the epigraphic evidence from his kingdom, and they discredit the Byzantine scholar Photius' statement (Bibl. 33) that Agrippa died in 100.

St Paul appeared before him.

Tessa Rajak

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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