Julius II


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Pope (1503–13) He strove to restore and extend the Papal States and to establish a strong independent papacy. He crushed Cesare Borgia and sponsored the League of Cambrai and the Holy League against France in 1510. Before the end of 1512 the French were forced to leave Italy and several new territories were added to the papacy's holdings.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Christianity.

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