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Jumping forms an integral part of the training programme of many athletes, particularly those who compete in explosive events requiring very powerful legs. Athletes may perform a wide variety of jumps, including long jumps from a 40 metre run-up, short jumps using a shorter approach, and drop jumps from the top of benches. Jumping facilitates the stretch reflex in muscles and helps to strengthen ligaments, tendons, and connective tissue in and around the joints. However, it is a risky activity because it imposes a lot of mechanical strain on joints and muscles. Care should be taken not to overtrain. Overuse injuries are common among jumpers. See also plyometrics.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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