Junker von Prag

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Unidentified group of masons mentioned in various late 15th- and 16-century sources. The earliest surviving reference to the Junker of Prague is in two manuals for masons written towards the end of the 15th century: both Mathes Roriczer's booklet on pinnacle correctitude and Hanns Schmuttermayer's booklet on pinnacles refer to the Junker as earlier authorities on architecture. Although they have been linked to the Parler family of architects in Prague, they cannot be identified with either the Parlers or any other specific group of masons. The concept of the ‘Junker von Prag’ probably reflected the fame of the Prague masons’ lodge and the late medieval masters who came from there. By the 16th century their origins were already so confused that the Strasbourg city architect Daniel Specklin (1538–89) associated them with Johann Hültz in the building of the cathedral's west tower, as did Wolfgang Lazius in his De gentium aliquot migrationibus (Basle, 1557). A medal struck in 1565 is inscribed with their name, and the words Juncker von Brag are written in a later hand on two connected drawings in Erlangen and Dessau. Specklin also attributed a sculpture to them.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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