Bp. of Jerusalem from c.422. His main ambition seems to have been to make Jerusalem into a ‘Patriarchal see’. He sided with Cyril of Alexandria against Nestorius at the Council of Ephesus in 431, but he failed to gain Cyril's support for his claims. In the Eutychian controversy he supported Dioscorus at the Latrocinium in 449 but at the Council of Chalcedon (451) he voted for his condemnation. This Council recognized Jerusalem as a Patriarchal see with jurisdiction over Palestine. In parts of the E. Church he is revered as a saint; feast day, 2 July.
Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).