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Kabīr-panthīs


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Members of a low caste panth (spiritual path), who claim that it was founded by Kabīr himself, although it probably originated in the 17th century. They regard Kabīr as an avatāra of the supreme Being (Sat Purush) for the kaliyuga, and worship him in a number of maṭhs (temples) across northern and central India. Their chief temple is the Kabīr Chaurā Maṭh in Vārāṇasī, which houses the manuscript of their most significant text, the Kabīr Bījak. Like their purported founder, the Kabīr-panthīs are monotheistic in their beliefs, and opposed to both image worship and the institution of caste; they do, however, consider themselves to be Hindus, and have developed a distinctive ritual culture.

Subjects: Hinduism.


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