(1859–1936). French poet, editor, and critic who played a major role in the Symbolist movement between 1886 and 1895. As co-editor of La Vogue in 1886, he published poems by Rimbaud and Laforgue which contributed to the development of vers libre, whose cause he also advanced in his 1887 volume of poetry, Les Palais nomades, and in the preface to his collected Premiers poèmes of 1897 [see Versification]. One of the most important art critics of the late 19th c., he helped to establish Symbolism's discourse on painting, in which the Impressionism of Degas and the Neo-Impressionism of Seurat were reconciled with the most recent expressions of the idealist tradition in the work of Moreau and Puvis de Chavannes.
From The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French in Oxford Reference.