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(Jap.; Chin., k'ai yen).

1 A term meaning ‘to open the eye’, used in China andJapan as a synonym for enlightenment (bodhi).

2 The ‘eye-opening’ ceremony during which the pupils of the eyes are painted onto an image of a Buddha.Bodhisattva.or guardian deity to complete it. This act is thought to awaken and empower the image. There are several other terms for this ceremony: ‘open the light of the eyes’ (Chin., k'ai yen kuang; Jap., kaigenkō), ‘open the brightness of the light’ (Chin., k'ai kuang ming; Jap., kai kō myō), ‘open the light’ (Chin., k'ai kuang; Jap., kaikō), and ‘open the brightness’ (Chin., k'ai ming; Jap., kai myō).

Subjects: Buddhism.

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