A Japanese Shingon priest and the founder of the Shingi (or New Doctrine) subschool of Shingon. Ordained at the age of 13, he rose to prominence rapidly and by 1134 had gained the abbotship of two temples on Mt. Kōya.the headquarters of the Shingon school. However, fierce and sometimes violent opposition to his teachings forced him to escape to Mt. Negoro, where he founded the Emmyōji. He remained there, immersed in esoteric meditation (see esoteric Buddhism) and the composition of texts, until his death.