(b Halle, 1 Sept 1884; d Pullach, 3 April 1971). German soprano. She studied in Leipzig, making her début in 1903 as Leonore at Hanover, where she was engaged until 1924. At Covent Garden she sang Brünnhilde (1912–14) and also Isolde, Sieglinde, Senta, the Marschallin and Electra (1924–6). She appeared at the Vienna Staatsoper (1921–7), at Salzburg, where she sang Donna Anna (1922), and at the Staatsoper in Munich (1927–31). She made her Metropolitan début in 1928 as Isolde, later singing Ortrud, Fricka, Brünnhilde, the Marschallin and Electra (the first Metropolitan performance, 1932). She sang Isolde at San Francisco in 1933 and retired in 1937. Her 1924 recordings of ‘Pace, pace, mio Dio’ (La forza del destino) and the closing scene of Götterdämmerung reveal the wide range of her voice and the richness and security of her singing.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.