Serbian political leader. He practised psychiatry in Sarajevo until 1990, when he helped found the Serbian Democratic Party. In 1992, when the Bosnian Serbs declared an independent state, the Republika Srpska, within Bosnia and Herzegovina, Karadžić became its President. With the support of Serbian President Slobodan Milošević, he instituted a ruthless campaign (1992–95) to drive non-Serb Bosnians from the republic. In 1995, when Milošević withdrew support, Karadžić reluctantly signed the US-brokered Dayton peace accord. Twice that year he was indicted by the UN for war crimes, including ‘ethnic cleansing’. He resigned as President of both the Republika Srpska and the Serbian Democratic Party in 1996 and went into hiding, successfully managing to evade arrest for his alleged crimes.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — World History.