Japanese statesman who served as ambassador to Britain (1909) and Foreign Minister (1914–15), but was forced to resign after his presentation of the Twenty-One Demands to China. He reorganized and led the conservative Kenseikai, and as Prime Minister (1924–25) pursued a moderate foreign policy while introducing universal manhood suffrage, cutting expenditure, and reducing the size of the army. He also introduced the stringent Peace Preservation Law to balance the possibly destabilizing effects of manhood suffrage. His cabinet was called the “Mitsubishi government” because both he and his foreign minister Shidehara Kijuro had marriage ties with the Mitsubishi zaibatsu.
Subjects: World History.