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The name applied to a complex of Kāpālika-derived, early medieval Tantric traditions (also known as ‘Kaulism’), involving the worship of families of ferocious goddesses (yoginīs). Of its four lines of transmission (āmnāya), the ‘northern’ worshipped Guhyakālī, from which the Krama system evolved; the ‘western’, Kubjikā; the ‘southern’, Tripurasundarī, the source of the Śrī Vidyā tradition; and the ‘eastern’, Kuleśvara (Śiva) and Kuleśvarī (Śakti), whose worship was central to the development of the Trika ritual system of Kashmir(i) Śaivism.

Subjects: Hinduism.

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