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A general term for non-vernacular, chiefly Sanskrit literature. More specifically, a poem, or piece of poetical prose produced by a single author, as opposed to, e.g., itihāsa. Frequently composed in a courtly environment, poetry of this kind is often characterized by the ingenious use of a variety of elaborate metres. In modern languages, the term is reserved solely for verse. See also Mahākāvya.

Subjects: Hinduism.

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