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Seneschal of King Arthur in English romance, derived from the Welsh Arthurian figure Cei, whom he resembles. The English Sir Kay is always a somewhat irascible and churlish retainer, even though he is Arthur's foster-brother and frequent companion in adventure.

See H. J. Herman, ‘Sir Kay: A Study of the Character of the Seneschal of King Arthur's Court’, dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1960;Jürgen Haupt, Der Truchsess Keie im Artusroman (Berlin, 1971);Christopher Dean, ‘Sir Kay in Medieval English Romances: An Alternative Tradition’, English Studies in Canada, 9 (1983), 125–35.

Subjects: Religion.

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