British Association footballer who distinguished himself on the field before turning to management.
Yorkshire-born Keegan's remarkable football career began when he joined Scunthorpe United in 1966. Playing for Liverpool (1971–77), he collected winner's medals for the League (1973, 1976), FA Cup (1974), UEFA Cup (1976), and European Cup (1977). His later career involved spells with Hamburg (1977–80), Southampton (1980–82), and Newcastle United (1982–84), where he became a local hero. Keegan made the first of sixty-three appearances for England in 1973 and captained the national side from 1976 to 1982. He was twice named European Footballer of the Year (1978, 1979) and in 1976 was the Football Writers' Player of the Year. Keegan retired from active playing in 1982, the year he was chosen by his fellow players as Professional Footballers' Association Player of the Year (1982); he left England for Spain and a life of retirement on the golf course.
However, in 1992 he accepted an invitation to return to Tyneside as manager of Newcastle United, then floundering in the second division. Under Keegan's management, Newcastle began the 1992–93 season with eleven successive victories, and in 1993–94 won the first division championship and were promoted to the premier division. Having spent £15 million on players and transformed the club's facilities, he resigned in 1997 in mid-season, announcing ‘I have taken the team as far as I can’. After a brief interval, however, he accepted the invitation of Mohammed Al-Fayed to become the manager of the struggling Fulham side.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).