Grace Kelly


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US film actress, whose short career came to an end when she married Prince Rainier III (1923– ) of Monaco in 1956.

Born into a wealthy family in Philadelphia, daughter of self-made businessman and Olympic sculling champion John Kelly and niece of playwright George Kelly, Grace attended the Academy of Dramatic Arts and for a short time worked as a model and appeared in television commercials. She made her Broadway debut in The Father (1949) and her first screen appearance in a bit part in Fourteen Hours (1951).

Her first starring role came in the classic High Noon (1952), opposite Gary Cooper, followed by Mogambo (1953), for which she was nominated for an Oscar as best supporting actress. The Country Girl (1954) brought her an Academy Award for best actress and the New York Critics Award, and in High Society (1956) she appeared with Bing Crosby and Louis Armstrong. Memorable too were three Hitchcock films: Dial M for Murder (1954), Rear Window (1954), and To Catch a Thief (1955), during the shooting of which she met her future husband.

After her marriage in 1956 Kelly retired from show business, devoting herself to charitable causes, life in Monaco, and her three children, Princess Caroline (1957– ), Prince Albert (1958– ), and Princess Stéphanie (1965– ). She died in a road accident.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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