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Principles of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (d. 1938), founder and first president of the Turkish republic. Constitutes the official state ideology and went publicly unchallenged until the 1980s. Its major points are republicanism, statism (in economic policy), populism, laicism, nationalism, and reformism, as enumerated in the Republican People's Party (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi, CHP) statutes of 1935; these were incorporated into the 1937 constitution, which remained in effect until 1961 when it was reformulated slightly. Kemalism was politically authoritarian, intended to undermine the traditionally minded religious authorities in favor of secular society.

Subjects: Politics — Islam.

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