Certain theories concerned to explain the condescension involved in the Incarnation. The title comes from the Greek verb (κενóω) in Phil. 2: 7, translated in the RV ‘emptied himself’. Some 19th-cent. Lutheran theologians held that the Divine Son abandoned His attributes of deity in order to become man; other scholars maintained that within the sphere of the Incarnation the deity so restrained its activity as to allow the existence in the Lord of a limited and genuinely human consciousness. Traditional orthodoxy has generally admitted a self-emptying of the Lord's deity only in the sense that, while remaining unimpaired, it accepted union with a physically limited humanity.