Overview

William Kent

(1685—1748) painter, architect, and designer of gardens and interior furnishings


Related Overviews

Burlington, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of (1694—1753) architect, collector, and patron of the arts

Lord Orford Horace Walpole (1717—1797) author, politician, and patron of the arts

grand Tour

Michael Rysbrack (1694—1770) sculptor

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'William Kent' can also refer to...

Amherst, William Archer (1836 - 1910), Pro-Grand Master English Freemasons from 1898; Past Grand Master, Kent from 1860

ANNESLEY, William Henry (1876 - 1934), R. of O., late R. West Kent Regt

APPLEYARD, (William) James (born 1935), Dean of Clinical Sciences, Kigesi International School of Medicine, Uganda, 2000–04; Consultant Paediatrician, 1971–98, Hon. Consultant Paediatrician, 1998–99, and Clinical Director, Paediatric Directorate, 1992–98, Kent and Canterbury Hospitals NHS Trust (formerly Canterbury and Thanet Health District)

BABINGTON, William (1916 - 1998), Chief Officer, Kent County Fire Brigade, 1966–76, retired

BELL, William (died 1918), Vicar of Cranbrook, Kent, since 1898; Hon. Canon of Canterbury Cathedral since 1904; Rural Dean of West Charing, 1901

BOULDEN, Alfred William (1849 - 1920), Hon. Canon of Rochester, 1919; Rural Dean of Dartford, 1916; Vicar of Christ Church, Erith, Kent, since 1891

BOURNE, Charles William (1846 - 1927), Rector of Staplehurst, Kent, 1913–20; Fellow of King’s College, London, and member of Council; Fellow of Physical Society

CRUNDALL, William Henry (1847 - 1934), DL Kent; Governing Director William Crundall and Co., Ltd, timber merchants; Belgian Consul, Kent, Surrey, and Sussex; Knight of Order of Leopold of Belgium; JP for Dover and County of Kent; Imperial Persian Consul for Dover and district; Chairman Dover Harbour Board; President Conservative Party, Dover

DAVIES, William Rees- (1863 - 1939), KC; JP Pembrokeshire and Kent; JP Haverfordwest

DAWES, Charles Ambrose William (1919 - 1982), Member of Lloyd’s since 1950; Fruit Farmer since 1961; Director, East Kent Packers, 1972–81 (Vice Chairman, 1974–80)

DAWSON, (temp. Lt-Col) William Robert Aufrère (1891 - 1918), commanding 6th Battalion Royal West Kent Regiment

DOONER, William Toke (1867 - 1926), JP, Co. Kent and Rochester

DUNKERLEY, William Herbert Cecil (died 1922), Rector of Leybourne, Kent, since 1920

EVANS, Charles William Henry (1851 - 1909), commanded 1st Royal West Kent Regiment; retired 1900

GENTLE, Frederick (William) (1892 - 1966), QC 1948; Judge Advocate General of HM Forces, 1955–62, retired (Vice-Judge Advocate General, 1952–54); Commissioner of Assize, 1948, 1949 and 1950; Deputy Chairman West Kent Quarter Sessions, 1948–59; one of HM Commissioners of Duke of York’s Royal Military School, 1955–62

GROVE, Edward Aickin William Stewart (1852 - 1932), late The Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regt); JP Surrey

HOLLAMS, Frederick William (1848 - 1941), JP Kent; Barrister, Inner Temple; High Sheriff of Kent, 1917–18

HONYWOOD, John William (1857 - 1907), JP; CA, Kent

HORSLEY, John William (1845 - 1921), Vicar of Detling, Kent, 1911–21; Hon. Canon of Southwark; late Hon. Secretary, Southwark Diocesan Temperance Society; Borough Councillor and Chairman of Health Society of Southwark; Mayor of Southwark, 1910; Chairman of Clergy Friendly Society since 1882

JACKSON, William Unsworth (1926 - 1999), DL; Chief Executive, Kent County Council, 1974–86

KENT, Arthur William (1913 - 1998), Chairman, United Transport Overseas Ltd, 1980–82 (Deputy Chairman, 1978–80; Joint Managing Director, 1977–80); Managing Director, United Transport Co., 1980–82

Kent Minor and William Muthig, eds., Social Studies: Ohio's Competency-Based Program (Columbus: Ohio State Department of Education, 1994), 142 pp.

Kent, William

Kent, William (1 Jan 1685)

Kent, William (1 Jan. 1686)

Kent, William (1 Jan. 1686)

Kent, William (1685)

KENT, William (1685 - 1748), Painter, engraver, draughtsman, architect

Kent, William (1685–1748)

Kent, William (1685–1748)

 

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(bapt. Bridlington, Yorkshire, 1 Jan. 1686; d London, 12 Apr. 1748).

English architect, designer, landscape gardener, and painter, the most versatile British artist of his time. He began his career as a painter and spent a decade (1709–19) in Italy, mainly Rome, where in 1717 he painted a ceiling in the church of S. Giuliano dei Fiamminghi (offering to work without payment for the chance to establish his reputation). As a guide and art dealer for Englishmen on the Grand Tour he met the architect and patron Lord Burlington, with whom he returned to London in 1719. From then until Kent's death in 1748 the two were inseparable partners. Initially Kent was employed mainly as a decorative painter (notably at Burlington House and Kensington Palace, both in London), but his talent in this field was described by Horace Walpole as ‘below mediocrity’ and he turned increasingly to architecture and design. His biggest architectural commission was Holkham Hall, Norfolk, begun in 1734 for the 1st Earl of Leicester, whom he had initially met in Rome. Externally it is in a severe Palladian style, but the opulent interior has been described by Nikolaus Pevsner as ‘more consistently palatial than that of almost any other house in England’. Kent was the first British artist to envision an interior and its furnishings as a unified scheme and he designed some impressively grand furniture, including the magnificent state bed (1732) at Houghton Hall, Norfolk. His other work as a designer was highly varied: it included book illustrations, sculpture (notably the Isaac Newton monument (1731), carved by Rysbrack, and the Shakespeare monument (1740), carved by Scheemakers, both in Westminster Abbey), and a state barge (1731–2, Nat. Maritime Mus., London) for Frederick, Prince of Wales (see Royal Collection). In his later years he worked mainly as a garden designer, in which field he was a key figure in the development of the informal style later particularly associated with Capability Brown. Although he was a painter of little talent, Kent has the distinction of painting the earliest medieval history subjects in British art—a series of three pictures for Queen Caroline depicting scenes from the life of Henry V (c.1730, Royal Coll.). There is no attempt to recreate the scenes accurately, and in fact there is some doubt whether one of the pictures is intended to represent the Battle of Agincourt (1415) or the Battle of Crécy (1346).

Subjects: art.


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