Khiva Khanate

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Formed in the early sixteenth century when Ilbars, a chieftain of Uzbek descent, united local fiefdoms in the territory of the ancient Khwarem. By the early seventeenth century it had become an important regional power and extended its reach westward to the Caspian, northward to the Emba River, southward into Khurasan, and eastward into Bukharan lands. Literature, art, and architecture flourished during this time; political infighting and the need for defense against Russian military advances led to its decline. In 1920 a Communist-led coup established the Khorezm People's Soviet Republic, which was incorporated in 1924 into the newly formed Soviet socialist republics of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

Subjects: Islam.

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