Khoqand Khanate

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Eighteenth- and nineteenth-century central Asian state in the central part of the Ferghana Valley, formed as a result of the political and economic decline of the Bukharan Khanate. Abd al-Karim Biy founded the capital city, Khoqand (also called Kukon or Kokand), in 1740. By the early 1840s it entered a period of uninterrupted civil wars and rebellions, caused by conflicts between the major ethnic groups of its population (Uzbeks, Sarts, Tajiks, Kipchaks, Kyrgyz, and Kazakhs). The khanate was abolished in 1876 and its territory annexed to the Russian governorate general of Turkestan.

Subjects: Islam.

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