Overview

Khwārazmian Empire


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Dynasty of Anūshtigin

Notes

Names and Titles

—On the form Mingburnu, which is uncertain, see the Encyclopaedia of Islam, II, 392; on titles, see L. Richter-Bernburg, ‘Zur Titulatur der Ḥwārezm-Šāhe aus der Dynastie Anūštegīns’, Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, new series, IX (1976), 179–205.

Barthold, V.V., Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion (3rd edn., London, 1968).Kafesoğlu, İ., Harezmşahlar devleti tarihi (485–617/1092–1229) (Ankara, 1956).

1098–1128

Quṭb al-Dīn Muḥammad I (son of Anūshtigin; governor of Khwārazm with the title of Khwārazm-Shāh1098)

1128–1156

‛Alā' al-Dīn Atsïz (son)

1156–1172

Tāj al-Dunyā Il Arslan (son; assumed the title of sultan 1166)

1172–1193

Jalāl al-Dunyā Sulṭānshāh (son; Khurasan)

1172–1200

‛Alā' al-Dīn Tekish (brother; Khwārazm, later Khurasan; sultan 1187)

1200–1220

‛Alā' al-Dīn Muḥammad II (son)

1220–1231

Jalāl al-Dīn Mingburnu (son; Mongol conquest of the Khwārazmian empire 1231)

Subjects: History.


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