(b Rotterdam, 1892; d Watch Hill, R.I., 1949). Dutch-born (later Amer. cit.) cellist and conductor. Taught in Berlin from 1911 and was prin. vc. at Deutsches Opernhaus. Went to USA 1914, prin. cellist Philadelphia Orch. 1914–21. Took up cond. 1927 in Philadelphia. Founded Nat. SO, Washington, DC, 1931, remaining cond. until 1948.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.