Printmaker and painter. Known almost exclusively for wood engravings, he ranked among the finest technicians of his day. Along with a few others, he expanded the expressive possibilities of what had been predominately a reproductive technology. Late nineteenth-century American specialists in this skill outranked their European counterparts in achieving fine detail and subtle effects. Paralleling the aims and interests of the etching revival, Kingsley and others sought to imbue their medium with a creative spirit. To promote their work, the Society of American Wood-Engravers was founded in 1881. Kingsley's original compositions, mostly landscapes, often were adapted as magazine or book illustrations. Kingsley was born near Cincinnati, in Carthage, Ohio, but grew up on a farm in Hatfield, Massachusetts, near Northfield. As a young man, he moved to New York and studied at Cooper Union. He later worked in Massachusetts and California, as well as New York, where he died. Conceived to accompany a Henry Wadsworth Longfellow text, the undated Winter exemplifies the artist's ability to render with poetry and precision the atmospheric subtleties of a snowy landscape.