(1850–1908), premier of SA 1893–99, was one of the chief architects of Federation. A dominant political figure in his colony for more than 20 years from 1881, he polarised opinion by his aggressive style, but enjoyed considerable popularity among the people. He became premier while still bound over to keep the peace following his arrest for challenging a political opponent to a duel; while premier, he endured two attacks in the street, to both of which he responded with effective and aggressive physical counterattack. His turbulent public life was matched by rumours and scandals in his private life. Kingston was able to shrug off such problems, including opposition to his admission to the Bar on the grounds that he was not of fit character, and a later citation in a society divorce case. His marriage was not happy.
From The Oxford Companion to Australian History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Australasian and Pacific History.