Rosanjin Kitaōji


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(b Kyoto, 23 March 1883; d Kanagawa, 21 Dec 1959). Japanese potter, calligrapher and medallist. He became a commercial calligrapher and medallist, and in 1915 had his first experience of decorating pottery at a kiln in the district of Hokuriku. In 1919 he opened an art shop in Tokyo, and soon began to produce his own pottery, creating forms drawn from studying the vessels that he used for his cuisine. In 1925 he opened the Gourmet's Club Hoshigaoka Restaurant in Tokyo. In 1926 he established a studio and kiln known as Hoshigaokayō in Kita Kamakura. He often surpassed the classical forms on which his works were based, becoming well known for his simple but original designs. He used red enamels and gold in his work and was influenced by blue-and-white wares and coloured porcelain from the Ming period (1368-44) as well as Japanese Mino, Shigaraki, Bizen and Kutani ceramics. In addition to his ceramics (e.g. porcelain dish with enamel decoration, 1950; Kyoto, N. Mus. Mod. A.), he was skilled in calligraphy (e.g. screen, Japanese syllabary design, 1952; Okayama, Korakuen garden) and lacquerware.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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