(b Mewe, W. Prussia, 1853; d Frankfurt‐am‐Main, 1916).
Ger. composer and teacher. From 1886, prin. teacher of comp., Hoch Cons., Frankfurt, where he had several distinguished pupils, incl. Pfitzner and Ernst Toch, and Eng. composers who became known as ‘Frankfurt group’, i.e. N. O'Neill, Cyril Scott, Roger Quilter, and Balfour Gardiner. Dir. of Cons. 1908–16. Wrote operas, orch. mus., and songs.