Joseph Anton Koch


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(b Obergibeln, Tyrol, 27 July 1768; d Rome, 12 Jan. 1839).

Austrian painter, active mainly in Rome, where he settled in 1795. He was influenced by Carstens and worked with the Nazarenes on the decorations of the Casino Massimo (1825–9) in Rome, choosing Dante's Inferno for his subject, but he is now best known for his landscapes. They were directly descended from the heroic and ideal landscape of Poussin, but have a distinctive Romantic flavour, particularly in his paintings of mountains.

Subjects: Art.

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