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Wolfgang Köhler

(1887—1967)


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(1887–1967)

One of the founders of the Gestalt school of psychology, Köhler also wrote The Place of Value in a World of Facts (1938), the result of his William James lectures delivered at Harvard in 1934. Köhler attempted to work out a theory of value, including aesthetic value, on the basis of the phenomenally objective gestalt-quality which he called ‘requiredness’. One part of a visual field, for example, may demand completion in some specific way, rather as a melody may require resolution.

Subjects: Philosophy.


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