(b New York, 26 Jun. 1912; d New York, 8 Feb. 2001)
US dancer, choreographer, and teacher. She studied ballet with Fokine, Spanish dance with Cansino, and Oriental dance with Michio Ito. In 1926 she made her debut with Fokine's company and toured the US with Ito (1928–9). She started her solo career in 1930 and toured extensively until joining Limón's company in 1946. She became principal dancer and stayed with the company until 1960 creating roles in Limón's The Moor's Pavane (1949) and Humphrey's Ruins and Visions (1953), among others. In 1947 she additionally founded her own company with which she toured internationally until 1963, later forming the Pauline Koner Dance Consort (1976–82). Her most famous solo was Farewell (1962), set to the last movement of Mahler's Song of the Earth. She also choreographed Poeme (1969) for the Ailey company. She lectured widely in America, Europe, and Japan, and in 1986 was appointed teacher at the Juilliard School. In 1989 she published her autobiography, Solitary Song (Duke Univ. Press). She was married to conductor Fritz Mahler.