Philips Koninck

(b. 1619)

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(b Amsterdam, 5 Nov. 1619; bur. Amsterdam, 6 Oct. 1688).

Dutch painter, the best-known member of a family of artists. He studied with his brother Jacob (b Amsterdam, c.1615; d Amsterdam, after 1690) in Rotterdam, and Houbraken says he was also a pupil of Rembrandt in Amsterdam, where he settled in 1641. Although he painted various subjects (the poet Vondel praised his portraits and history pictures) his fame now rests on his landscapes. He specialized in extensive views—powerful and majestic works that rival the similar scenes of Ruisdael; the National Gallery in London has four outstanding examples. Like many Dutch painters he had a second occupation: he ran a prosperous shipping firm and evidently painted little in the last decade of his life. His wealth enabled him to collect drawings. He was a prolific draughtsman himself and his sketchy penmanship can be deceptively close to Rembrandt's. SalomonKoninck (b Amsterdam, 1609; bur. Amsterdam, 8 Aug. 1656), a relative (perhaps a cousin) of Philips and Jacob, was also a painter and likewise active in Amsterdam. He was a follower of Rembrandt, imitating him in pictures of hermits, old men, and philosophers in their studies, as well as in religious scenes, and exaggerating the master's early predilection for rich exotic costumes, emphatic gestures, and dramatic contrasts of light and shadow. His work is fairly rare; there are examples in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, and the Mauritshuis, The Hague.

Subjects: Art.

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