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(Pāli., Kosala).

One of the major Indian states at the time of the Buddha Śākyamuni which was situated to the north-west of its great rival, Magadha. The capital was located at Śrāvastī.an important junction of three major trade routes in northern India from which it derived its wealth. The Buddha spent much of his time in this region and was on especially good terms with its king, Prasenajit, who was an early patron of Buddhism. Within a few decades, Kośala was conquered by Ajātaśatru and absorbed into the growing Magadhan Empire.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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